indian rummy game free download full version,rapid wien fc,who will win the match today,Wild cheetahs set to return to India after 70 years

Mirror Now Digital
Updated Jun 08, 2021 | 00:00 IST
Wild cheetahs set to return to India after 70 years [Representative image]
Wild cheetahs set to return to India after 70 years [Representative image]  |  Photo Credit: iStock Images
  • In January 2020, the Supreme Court gave the green signal to reintroduction of cheetahs in India.
  • The Indian government has allocated a sum of Rs 2 crores 65 lakh for the relocation project.

New Delhi: Back in n 1952, Cheetahs were declared extinct in India. The country has spent the last few decades chalking out a plan to reintroduce the world's fastest cat. After years of preparation, the plan has finally arrived at a state of execution. Reportedly, South Africa's Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT) has donated eight cheetahs to India. The big cats are now expected to arrive at India’s Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh by November this year.


Until the early 20th century, Asiatic cheetahs were in abundance in the region, but later they population declined due to widespread trapping and taming. Furthermore, during British rule in India, cheetahs were classified as vermin and rewards were offered for the culling of the animal. Another cause of their extinction is desertification and deforestation - two factors that led to destruction of habitats of cheetahs in India.


The plans for the reintroduction of cheetahs in India was solicited back in 1955. But the movement gained real momentum in 1970 when Iran -- the only country in support of the endangered Asiatic species -- was approached by the Indian government to supply the animals. This was followed by decades of negotiations. Finally, in 2010 the plan to bring in Asiatic cheetahs from Iran was relinquished.

Nevertheless, a feasible option for India is sourcing cheetahs from Africa. Recently, countries like Kenya, Namibia, including South Africa, have offered to donate cheetahs to India. Prolonged legal duels between – conservationists and India's Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) have delayed the process for more than eight years. The cause of their debate was the genetic differences between the two species and also the guidelines issued for the relocation of alien wildlife.

In January 2020, the Supreme Court gave the green signal to reintroduction of Southern African cheetahs.In 2021, the results of an in-depth viability assessment, which analysed the suitability of six parks and sanctuaries, was published by the Wildlife Institute of India (WII). Ultimately, Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh, which is almost 500km south of Delhi, was chosen as the favourable site for cheetah reintroduction by the MoEF, NTCA, and WII.

Kuno National Park, occupies an area of 748 sq km. In the semi-arid park, wild cattle and chital, also known as spotted deer, are found in abundance. Moreover, the presence of wild boar will make good prey for the arriving cheetahs. Also, minimal improvements were required to make the area suitable for the translocated cheetahs.

For the relocation project, the Indian government has allocated a sum of Rs 2 crores 65 lakh. This will go towards fencing, forest management and the transportation of the cheetahs from South Africa. A total of eight cheetahs will be donated by EWT, out of which five are male cheetahs and three are females.

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